<%@LANGUAGE="VBSCRIPT" CODEPAGE="1252"%> The Battle of Saratoga


The American Army fires their muskets upon the British. The Americans are mounting a 3 pronged response to the 3 column British advance under the command of Horatio Gates. In the first battle of Saratoga, the Americans employed no artillery. The Battle of Saratoga was extremely intense for an 18th century battle due to the fact that both armies had been well supplied and rested beforehand. Soldiers fired and advanced in columns due to the inaccuracy of musket fire.

The American Army reload their weapons

The British Army marching. The drum beats from the Ensign were not only ceremonial, they were used to issue commands as well. Regular troops and officers utilized different dye for their uniforms with officers receiving uniforms colored with dye found in rare South American beetles and the troops receiving cheaply dyed uniforms. The American army was a more ragtag bunch at this time in 1777. The typical firing orders for the British were, "Ready... present... fire!"

An aerial shot of the Saratoga Battlefields

General John Burgoyne of the British Army. Burgoyne originally devised the plan to march on Albany from Canada, although he was thwarted by Gates and Arnold at Saratoga. Burgoyne typically traveled with 30 wagonloads of personal supplies during the war.

General Horatio Gates of the American Continental Army. His victories over the British in the Battles of Bennington, Fort Stanwix and Saratoga were key battles which prevented the British from occupying the strategic Hudson Valley and isolating New England from the other colonies.